1978 Peace Agreement Between Israel Egypt

Although the successful conclusion of the Israeli-Egyptian treaty was a pioneering event, it was the flood mark of the peace process under President Carter. After March 1979, the subject would not receive the same attention in the United States because of competing calls for crises, notably in Iran and Afghanistan, as well as Carter`s desire to reduce his personal commitment in the next round of negotiations on Palestinian autonomy. For these talks, Carter appointed a "special negotiator" to represent the United States; Former Special Representative Robert Strauss held this position for a short time before being replaced in the fall of 1979 by Sol Linowitz, who had already participated in the Panama Canal Treaty negotiations. The talks did not bring much, as The Palestinian representatives refused to participate and the gulf between the Egyptian and Israeli positions on Palestinian autonomy, not to mention their respective positions on Israeli settlements in Gaza and the West Bank and on the legal status of East Jerusalem, proved insurmountable. Peace between Egypt and Israel has lasted since the treaty came into force and Egypt has become an important strategic partner of Israel. Benjamin Ben-Eliezer, a former Israeli defence minister known for his close ties to Egyptian officials, said: "Egypt is not only our closest friend in the region, cooperation between us goes beyond what is strategic. [14] The preamble to the "Middle East Peace Framework" begins with the basis for a peaceful settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict:[17] The agreements were another interim agreement or a new stage, but negotiations resulting from the agreements have slowed down for several reasons. These included the inability to involve Jordanians in the talks; The colonial controversy; indecision of future discussions on autonomy; domestic opposition, carried by both Begin and Sadat and, in Sadat`s case, by the ostracism and anger of the Arab world; the emergence of a cold peace between Egypt and Israel; Changes in foreign policy priorities, including the discontinuity of staff engaged in maintaining the negotiation process. [18] In August 2012, Israel agreed that Egypt could deploy additional troops, including helicopter gunships, to northern Sinai to fight militants who carried out an attack on Egyptian border guards that killed 16 people. [6] Later this month, Egypt deployed additional heavy weapons without Israel`s agreement in the demilitarized zone, violating the terms of the peace treaty. [7] [8] Egypt stated that the sending of these troops and weapons was in accordance with the agreements reached with Israel in 2011. [8] Israel has reportedly asked the United States to settle this dispute. [8] Shortly thereafter, Egyptian Defence Minister Abdel Fattah el-Sisi reportedly assured his Israeli counterpart Ehud Barak that Egypt had committed to maintaining the Camp David peace agreement with Israel in 1979.

[9] In January 2011, during the massive Egyptian protests against their government, Israel agreed to allow Egypt to move several hundred troops to Sinai for the first time since the signing of the peace treaty. [5] With the agreement of Israel, Egypt deployed two battalions, about 800 soldiers, in the territory of Sharm el-Sheikh, at the southern tip of Sinai, far from Israel. [5] The Camp David Summit, held September 5-17, 1978, was a defining moment in the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict and in the United States.